Legal research can be a complex process, and it’s important to stay on top of the latest developments. Laws change, and so do statutes and court decisions.
This article offers resources to help you stay informed about a variety of legal topics. It also provides tips on choosing a good topic and doing thorough research.
Civil rights are laws and legal concepts that prohibit discrimination in all aspects of society, including housing, employment, education, etc. The fight of marginalized groups to regain their civil rights is generally referred to as a “civil rights struggle.” Civil rights laws come from state and federal constitutions, statutes, and regulations interpreted by court decisions.
The civil rights movement began in America after the Civil War, when African Americans were finally granted full citizenship and voting rights despite long-standing racial discrimination in Southern states. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 hastened the end of “legal Jim Crow,” and it allowed blacks to have access to restaurants, transportation, and public facilities previously reserved for whites only.
Several constitutional amendments have helped form the foundation of modern civil rights laws, such as the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified after the Civil War, which ensured that no state could deprive citizens of their right to life, liberty, and property without due process of law. Other constitutional amendments have established that government programs such as Medicare and Medicaid are not denied to people on the basis of their race, religion, or sex. State and local governments also pass their own civil rights laws, such as those preventing discrimination against members of the LGBTQ community.
Criminal law is a field of study that deals with the laws that dictate what type of conduct is punishable by society. It covers crimes like murder, robbery, arson, aggravated assault, and even white collar crime. As a student, you may be asked to write a research paper on a criminal justice topic. Your choice can depend on a number of factors, including your preference, the area of law in which you want to work, and the type of research question you wish to answer. Research topics can range from socioeconomic status and crime to criminology theories, homegrown crimes, and more.
Some writers argue that, unlike other legal disciplines, criminal law’s value stems from the fact that it publicly censures and condemns. In other words, it sends a message that the community deems certain behaviors unacceptably harmful and worthless.
As a result, writing about criminal law can be a fascinating endeavor. Topics might include a debate on the pros and cons of the sex offender registry, the death penalty, and devious interrogation techniques. Other topics might examine gang and drug crimes, eyewitness testimony, youth conferences, and prison rape. In addition, students might write about a variety of criminal justice issues in the media, such as sex offences and bad parenting.
Environmental law is a huge field, encompassing all laws, regulations, and policies that deal with human treatment of the nonhuman world. It ranges from state bottle-return laws to comprehensive federal legislation on the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation’s navigable waters. It also includes a host of regulations governing activities such as air and water pollution, hazardous wastes, the destruction of wildlife habitat, and international agreements on issues like climate change and biodiversity loss.
Legal remedies for environmental problems range from traditional common-law torts, such as trespass and nuisance, to specific statutory protections. Laws promoting environmental justice aim to ensure that all communities, regardless of socioeconomic status or race, enjoy the same level of environmental protection and participation in decision-making processes that affect their environment.
When choosing a research topic for a law review article or note, it’s important to find one that really interests you. After all, you’ll be working on it for weeks and months, so you want to make sure that you’re passionate about the subject matter. This guide helps you select a topic by walking through sources that help you discover whether your initial subject area has been the focus of much academic discussion.
International law is a system of rules, conventions and agreements that regulates interactions between sovereign states and other international actors. It has a broad scope and covers many important themes, such as human rights, diplomacy, world trade, global communication and the environment. It is often referred to as public international law or the law of nations.
Unlike domestic or national law, international laws are not codified in the form of legislation passed by a country’s parliament. They are more likely to be found in treaties, international custom and the continued general practice of a nation that is accepted as law.
International law is largely based on the principle of pacta sunt servanda (agreements must be kept). While countries can choose to not abide by certain provisions, they are usually held accountable through coercive action by other nations or international organizations such as the United Nations. This could include economic sanctions, diplomatic or military intervention. As the world becomes more interconnected, new legal issues are arising that require international laws to be in place to protect everyone’s interests. These changes are driving further developments in international law and creating opportunities for those studying the subject to expand their career options.
Property law is one of the most important and complex legal subjects. It determines who can own land and personal items, how they can use them and how to protect those assets. It encompasses real property, personal property and intellectual property. It also plays a significant role in family, estate and municipal law.
As such, it’s important to have a thorough understanding of the different types of property laws and their implications. For example, you should be familiar with concepts like easements and adverse possession, which allow people to acquire ownership of a piece of real property if they use it openly and continuously for a specified period without the owner’s permission. You should also know about security interests, which are a form of collateral that’s attached to personal property.
These lessons are helpful because they provide you with the opportunity to practice the law before you begin practicing in your own office. They also allow you to learn more about property law from experts in the field. These lessons are meant to supplement your traditional law school studies, not replace them.
Tax law concerns the legal rules for how much the federal, state and local governments can charge you each year. It also covers how that money is collected, where it goes and what penalties are involved. The Internal Revenue Code is the main source of tax laws, but it is often accompanied by Treasury regulations that interpret the law more thoroughly and provide examples of how to apply it in different situations.
You can also find a lot of information on tax laws by going to the IRS website, which is organized by topics like frequently asked questions. The site has a search bar and allows you to narrow your results by keyword. Another good resource is Avvo, which connects you with lawyers and other experts who can answer your questions. You have to pay to use this service, but it’s a quick and easy way to get answers to your specific questions.
A tax lawyer’s job involves planning business transactions and preparing for hearings or trials. The Tax Law Center at NYU is a place where students can learn from leading practitioners and researchers in this field. The school offers externship opportunities and career support through its Office of Career Services, centers and institutes and the public interest fellowship program.
Legal issues surrounding the family often involve domestic violence, child custody, divorce, adoption, and guardianship. It’s important for family members to understand the rules of these cases and disputes to avoid future legal problems. Understanding the law can also help families resolve their legal issues in a more peaceful way.
Family law can also encompass other legal concerns that impact the lives of family members, such as alimony, property division, and retirement benefits. For example, it’s important to know how to properly divide assets that were accumulated during a marriage. This may include pensions, professional practices, deferred compensation plans, or a number of other valuable assets. It’s also helpful for lawyers to have knowledge of the technical requirements that go into dividing these types of assets in a divorce settlement.
Family law is a surprisingly broad field that can touch on everything from constitutional to tax laws, says New England Law | Boston Professor Monica Teixeira de Sousa, advisor for the school’s family law concentration. This area of the law is particularly relevant since it’s “the largest single category of civil filings and trials,” she adds. The law school’s family law clinic offers students early exposure to this area of the law, allowing them to work directly with clients and file restraining orders against abusers.